Mandarins, like tangerines, clementines and satsumas, are popular hybrid citrus fruits that tend to be smaller and sweeter than oranges.
As the trees are sensitive to the cold, mandarins are cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions. China is currently the largest producer of mandarins in the world.
Mandarins are important in ancient Chinese medicine, where the oil and peel are used to help regulate one’s life force or qi. The essential oil is equally important in ancient Indian Ayurvedic medicine, where it is used in the treatment of a wide range of ailments and skin disorders.
The essential oil is usually extracted from the peel using hydro-distillation or cold-pressing techniques. It is pleasantly scented, sweet and has a lasting citrusy aroma– making it a popular ingredient in fragrances, soaps and cosmetic products.
Mandarin oil contains high levels of vitamins, minerals and antioxidants. It is known to have anti-ageing, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antifungal properties.
Used primarily as a Heart Note